In recent years, Philips has expressed a growing interest in circular economy, becoming global partner of the Ellen MacArthur foundation (Ellen MacArthur Foundation, 2017), and setting the target “Healthy people, sustainable planet”, committing itself to reach 15% of turnover coming from solution respecting circular principles by 2020 (Philips.com, 2016). This pushed the company to investigate the current state of their product portfolio and new ways of designing consumer goods. In this sense, product repairability and disassembly represent some of the most important design requirements in order to enable circular business models. Carried out in collaboration with the company, this research project practically investigates design features which influence positively and negatively product repairability, eventually proposing new design guidelines and methodologies for a design for repairability and product retirement.
Shared E-bike mobility is rapidly growing worldwide. The lack of sustainable end-of-life practices of shared E-bikes results in excessive E-bike waste. We aim to reduce E-bike waste by designing a profitable circular E-bike in combination with providing a product-service system. Modularity is the driving factor for the circular E-bike, and the product-service system.
One of the biggest downsides to the growing fashion industry is its unsustainable and wasteful character. The sock service SwapSocks solves this problem by encouraging consumers to recycle—or swap—their socks after their end of life and teaches consumers how to lead a better textile life. By means of cleverly designed sock patterns, an online platform, and a new supply chain that allows closed-loop regeneration of materials, SwapSocks save 38% of CO2 emissions and 50% of energy compared to traditional socks.
To help realize the shift towards a Circular economy, 8 design strategies were developed that motivate, trigger or stimulate consumers in a certain way to perform product care on their belongings. These strategies were incorporated into a design tool that designers can use to implement product care into their design.