This study urges designers to change the way to work with user-data: from referring the small but in-depth ethnographical user-centered living-lab data (during the ubiquitous computing era), to create an understanding about both the individual user and the society or crowd as a whole (collective computing era). This research can trigger the designers to innovate and remodel their work at the forefront of new computing technologies
Is healthcare-related design engineering all the same? We think not; in this paper, we distinguish between three existing approaches to healthcare-related engineering design (called 'silent', 'overt', and 'convergent' health design) and argue that these have different potential for systemic impact. Also, we reflect on the relevance of the convergent health design approach for societal challenges in the health domain, and specifically for the field of e-health.
What are design researchers bringing to the eHealth domain? This literature review examines the measure in which design research has contributed to each of the 'four aims' of the Quadruple Aim framework within the field of eHealth during the past five years. The review results constitute a starting point for several practical observations and lead to a reflection on the strategic role of design research in the contexts of the convergence revolution and the non-communicable disease crisis.